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Elisa Chisari

Elisa Chisari has written 15 posts for astrobites
http://arxiv.org/abs/1404.0680

Neutrinos from the Big Bang – in focus

Much like the Cosmic Microwave Background, the Cosmic Neutrino Background permeates our Universe and it could take us back to 1 second after the Big Bang. Today, we discuss the effect of the Sun on modulating the expected signal from the neutrino background.

http://fermi.gsfc.nasa.gov/

Gamma-rays from the Galactic Center, a dark matter

For a few years now, excess emission of gamma-rays in the direction of the Galactic Center has puzzled scientists. In the paper we discuss today, the authors re-analyze data from the Fermi telescope to get new insights into the origin of this excess emission. They make the case for the signal being described by dark matter particles annihilating in the center of our Galaxy.

New probes of cosmology: Doppler Lensing

What do the sizes of galaxies have to tell us about cosmology? Today, we discuss how the velocity of a galaxy can change its observed size and tell us about the properties of the Universe.

From nuisance to new science: gravitational lensing of supernovae

There might be more information in the Hubble diagram of supernovae than we first thought. Far away supernovae are subject to gravitational lensing and in the upcoming decades, they could be used to determine how much matter there is in the Universe and how it clusters.

Where is that galaxy pointing?

Gravitational lensing is the deflection of the trajectory of a photon by gravity, and it is a natural consequence of the theory of General Relativity. Lensing distorts the shapes and orientations of galaxies and in today’s post, we discuss a new method to reconstruct dark matter maps of our Universe using the position angles of galaxies.

Citizen science: Observing dark worlds

Observing dark worlds is a public competition for improving algorithms to find dark matter halos in weak gravitational lensing maps. Today, we discuss citizen science projects and describe the results of the challenge.

Lessons from radio transits

We are used to thinking about planet transits in visible wavelengths. What can we learn from planet transits in the radio band? Today, we discuss what these transits might tell us about the magnetic activity and the atmosphere of a star.

Probing high redshifts with gamma-ray bursts

Gamma-ray bursts are the most energetic explosions in the Universe. Today, we discuss how to use one GRB as a beacon to study the properties of a high redshift galaxy, the composition of the gas in the intergalactic medium at high redshift and the formation of dust in the Universe.

Lensing B-modes in the Cosmic Microwave Background polarization

Gravitational lensing causes distortions in the polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background. In this astrobite, we discuss recent results from the South Pole Telescope collaboration measuring patterns caused by lensing in the CMB polarization. What do these patterns tell us about the Universe?

A tale of a kilonova

Short gamma-ray bursts, extremely energetic explosions in the Universe, might be caused by the merger of two compact objects. In the two papers we discuss today, the authors test this scenario by looking for light emitted still a few days after the explosion.

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