In the final months of World War II, Vannevar Bush, director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development, prepared a report that would forever shape federal support of scientific research.
Today we take a look back to 1916, when distances were measured in light years and uncertainties weren’t to be included in publications. The nearly 100-year old discovery of a small star has large implications for our understanding of stellar astrophysics, even today.
In today’s “astrophysical classic”, we delve into the seminal paper behind the Kennicutt-Schmidt relation, the empirical correlation between the star formation rate and gas density.
Our special guest astrophysical classics series on Gunn & Peterson 1965 concludes with an examination — and apprehension — of the suspects responsible for reionization.
Gas in the Universe went from being mostly neutral to mostly ionized as the first galaxies formed, and the signature of this process is imprinted in quasar spectra. The review of the classic paper by Gunn & Peterson continues in this second in the three-part series.
This guest post, the first in a three-part series, reviews the classic article by Gunn & Peterson (1965). This paper proposed several fundamental ideas in cosmology, including using distant quasars as “flashlights” to observe the diffuse gas between galaxies.
A classic 1972 paper by Jim Gunn and J. Richard Gott, III describing the growth of clusters from primordial density perturbations and, most famously, the importance of ram pressure stripping in explaining the observed lack of spiral galaxies towards the center of clusters.
This paper presents three famous relations very important for understanding the inner workings of molecular clouds and star formation processes.
It’s March 2, 1979. Two years ago, the Voyager spacecraft were launched on trajectories that will allow them to carry out their primary missions: the study of the outer Solar System, in particular Jupiter and Saturn. It’s just three days before Voyager 1′s closest approach to Jupiter. The paper that was published on March 2nd, 1979 in Science is a prediction for what the Voyager spacecraft might see on Io based on the orbital motions of these three satellites.
It took homo sapiens hundreds of thousands of years on the planet to understand a fundamental, simple-sounding, question: how old is the Earth? The answer to this question has gone down in the history books as one of the most important geophysical and astrophysical discoveries of the past century. This paper, by Clair Patterson in 1956, is credited with providing the first accurate, measured age of the Earth.