How to form clumps in the intermediate ranges of massive protoplanetary disks? Could these later be planets?
A model that needs fewest parameters to explain a scenario is favourable. The fact that mm-size dust grains (chondrules) are present in the entire solar system brings rise to the question, whether all bigger solid objects are a collection of chondrules.
Planets are ubiquitous in the Milky Way. Therefore, building them must be straightforward, right? Not at all!
Pulsars, or rapidly-spinning neutron stars, have been observed suddenly change how fast they spin. Typically, the pulsars we’ve seen do this are isolated—what happens if they have a stellar companion?
This paper reports the results of a cosmological simulation, and how smooth accretion and mergers affect three important aspects of galaxy formation: stellar mass growth, size increase, and morphology changes.
Those of us who love astrobiology get really worked up about the lack of Earth-sized exoplanets found at Earth-like distances from their stars. All we want, we who hope for lots of extraterrestrial life, is a bunch of Earth-like planets doing Earth-like things so we can feel better about the odds for lots of Earth-like life in the universe.