How can we measure the temperature of the Universe across cosmic epochs? Recent data from Planck suggests that the Universe’s cooling history is consistent with the Big Bang model.
Distance is a tricky thing to measure in astronomy. We can’t use tape measures or rulers, and even more sophisticated methods like laser ranging are only good for the very nearest of neighbors, like the moon. That’s where distance indicators like Cepheids come in.
The El Gordo (in Spanish, “the fat one”), one of the most massive galaxy clusters observed, is an active merger of two large subclusters. Unraveling its dynamics provides insights into $latex \Lambda$CDM.
When two observations share some common information, they can be “cross-correlated” to extract it. In today’s example, we discover what the matter halos and energetic phenomena in the Universe have in common through a cross-correlation.
Thought dust could only bore you? Think again: it may obscure our view of time’s very beginning!
Our local “basin of attraction” is the region containing all the galaxies that would contract to a single point, if we were to neglect the dominant expansion. The authors define this region as our home supercluster, Laniakea.