How to form clumps in the intermediate ranges of massive protoplanetary disks? Could these later be planets?
A model that needs fewest parameters to explain a scenario is favourable. The fact that mm-size dust grains (chondrules) are present in the entire solar system brings rise to the question, whether all bigger solid objects are a collection of chondrules.
Last year, an image was released that took our breath away. Exquisite rings carved in a disk of material around a nearby star. Now, astronomers want to know if forming planets are responsible, and why the image might look different from the cartoon in your textbook.
Planets are ubiquitous in the Milky Way. Therefore, building them must be straightforward, right? Not at all!
How and where did the first organic molecules emerge? Sophisticated chemistry models for the synthesis of amino acids within planetesimals can help us to decipher these mysteries.
Why do some planets slightly more massive than Earth have gas envelopes, while others don’t?