When did massive structures of galaxies form?

When did massive structures of galaxies form?

Our current understanding of the Universe suggests that its largest structures, such as clusters and groups of galaxies, would have formed only within the second half of the Universe’s current age. However, today’s paper explores the proposed observational evidence that such structures may actually have began forming a lot earlier than we expected. This poses intriguing questions about the way we model the cosmos, how we interpret our observations, and whether we might need to rethink cosmology.

Dust Does Not Follow Gas

Dust Does Not Follow Gas

Molecular clouds, where new stars are born, are made of two components: gas and dust. The gas is mostly hydrogen, and the dust is made of elements crucial for forming planets and people, like silicon and carbon. Today’s paper shows that these two components behave very differently in a simulated molecular cloud. This could have exciting consequences for the growth of dust and the formation of stars and planets.