Most binary stars probably formed at the same time, meaning all stars in the same system should have the same age. The authors of this paper analyze a stellar binary system where one star appears to be lying about its age, as one star appears 3 billion years older than its companion.
Kepler finds a new binary system with a Delta Scuti pulsator.
One of nature’s best clocks is a millisecond pulsar. These exotic stellar corpses are neutron stars: incredibly dense, rotating hundreds of times per second, and emitting powerful jets or beams of light. This creates a “pulsing” effect, much like a lighthouse.
Cataclysmic variables are binary star systems where one of the stars—a white dwarf—devours its main sequence partner over time. Kepler proves yet again that it can find a lot more than just exoplanets by identifying a cataclysmic variable with a period of less than an hour.
Depending on how they scatter with nuclei, dark matter particles might affect the structure and evolution of our Sun.
The progenitors of a special type of cataclysmic variable, AM CVn, and possibly supernovae have been found.
The authors identify two distinct sequences of blue straggler stars in the globular cluster NGC 392. They hypothesize that one branch is formed via stellar mergers and the other is binary stars undergoing mass transfer. This is the second globular cluster found to possess this double sequence.
A “Super-Jupiter” recently discovered by direct imaging techniques may not be as it initially seemed. Hinkley et al. find the system to be older than expected and the Super-Jupiter to really be a brown dwarf.
The authors present the first direct evidence of a jet shaping the circumstellar envelope of a post-AGB star.
A study of Kepler data reveals a correlation between brightness fluctuations and surface gravity of stars.