When the supernova impostor SN2009ip brightened to a V-band absolute magnitude of -17.7 near the end of 2012, the outburst was classified as a Type IIn supernova and many observers thought the star had finally exploded for good. In this paper, however, the authors present several months of multiband imaging of transient 2012b and argue that the low limit on the nickel mass and lack of most heavy elements in the ejecta suggest the progenitor is still around, and that transient 2012b was produced instead by the collision of two massive shells, possibly ejected by the pulsational pair instability.
Check out these cool new results from LOFAR which is boldly going to some of the longest wavelengths astronomers have ever observed! An active galaxy has a less active past than we might expect, pulsating neutron stars are behaving strangely, and even at wavelengths as long as meters, there are still spectral lines from extremely low-energy atomic transitions.
What were astronomers reading and talking about in their research last year? Check out figures from the top 12 most-cited astronomy papers from 2012 (so far) and find out what researchers were up to and why!
Pakmor et al. propose a new mechanism to make Type 1a supernova explosions from a pair of white dwarfs.
A simple analytical model for the light curves of Type Ia supernovae.
Scientists propose way in which we could observe the envelope being ejected from binaries going through a common envelope phase. And their predictions match a class of objects which have already been observed.
The neutrino reheating mechanism works out in theory to trigger core-collapse supernovae, but we’ve had a lot of trouble getting it to work in 3-dimensional simulations. Because of the prohibitive computational expense, really accurate neutrino physics have thus far only been implemented in 2D. This paper seeks to investigate whether there are systematic differences in fluid behavior between 2D and 3D models in order to figure out whether a 2D model can really stand in for a 3D one.
Super-luminous supernovae are a recently discovered rare class of stellar explosions with luminosities 10 – 100 times higher than normal supernovae. We summarize what is known about how these events are powered.
Scientists search for signatures of pair-instability supernovae in thousands of Sloan Digital Sky Survey Stars.