In a strange, half-lost, piece of work Roger Penrose draws four figures dropping their lines into the depths of a black hole, and in doing so finds a new and hugely influential way to steal energy away from the heart of a spinning singularity.
200 years ago, Joseph Fourier had an idea that added a whole new dimension to physics.
The accuracy of our estimates of the radii of white dwarf stars has important implications to cosmology. We currently rely on a theoretical mass-radius relationship for that. Are we doing a good job?
Image credits: RJHall/Wikimedia Commons.
In this series of posts, we sit down with a few of the keynote speakers of the 230th AAS meeting to learn more about them and their research.
When it comes to habitability for Earth-like life, we’ve got more than just liquid water to worry about. Today’s astrobite looks at how planets could lose portions of their atmospheres to quasar radiation.
Hot Jupiters passively cool down and contract after formation. Standard models can predict their thermal history and how much their radii should contract up to present time. Yet the observed radii (e.g. through transit) are larger than prediction. The possible solutions to this problem can be categorized into two types: (I) constantly injecting energy into the interior (II) delay the cooling process. (I) includes downward transport of kinetic energy, or energy dissipated by the interaction with the magnetic field (ohmic dissipation). Enhanced opacities are also proposed to reduces the cooling rate, which belongs to (II). However, the above mechanisms are either not robust or restricted to fine-tuned parameters. So the radius anomaly remains an intriguing open problem.